Using Effective Study Techniques
Try a five step approach: survey, question, read, recite, and review. This is called SQ3R or SQRR and is a study method that involves active reading which helps with comprehension and learning the material. The method gets you to preview the material and actively read so you are more prepared when you read a chapter or article.
- Start with Survey, which means to glance through the chapter to look for tables, figures, headings, and any bold words.
- Then Question by making each heading into a question.
- Read the chapter while trying to answer the questions you made from the section headings.
- Recite the answers to the questions verbally and any important information you remember from the chapter.
- Review the chapter to make sure you include all the main ideas. Then think about why this is important.
Use the THIEVES strategy. When you are beginning to study a new chapter, it will make the information it contains much more meaningful and easier to learn if you preview the chapter using THIEVES.
- Start with the title. What does the title tell you about the selection/article/chapter? What do you already know about the topic? What should you think about while reading? This will help you frame your reading.
- Scan the “headings” and subheadings. What do these headings and subheadings tell you about what you will be reading? Turn each heading and subheading into a question to help guide your reading.
- Move to the introduction. What does the introduction tell you about the reading?
- Read the first sentence of every paragraph. These are generally topic sentences and help you think about what the paragraphs will be about.
- Look at the visuals and vocabulary. This includes tables, graphs, and charts. More importantly, look at the bolded, italicized, and underlined words, words or paragraphs of a different color, and numerical lists.
- Read the end of chapter questions. What concepts should you know by the time you finish reading the chapter? Keep these questions in mind as you read.
- Look at the chapter summary to get a good idea of what the chapter is about before going on to read the chapter as a whole.